Abstract art emerged from artists’ desire to create independent works not restricted by visual references in reality. The wonder of abstract paintings is beyond words. Let’s discover two of the most famous painters.
The emergence of the 20th century saw a revolution in the world of art in which artists distanced themselves from the art of representation, turning to abstraction, which gave them the independence from the visual world. Narrowly speaking, abstract art bears no trace of any recognizable thing in the visual world, but the genre is not limited to these works, as it has witnessed many artists practicing abstraction to various degrees. Henri Matisse’s Fauvism as well as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso’s Cubism used partial abstraction. These movements were important precursors to the wave that eventually dominated the art world in the 20th century. These included Orphism, Suprematism, Neoplasticism, Optical Art and, most notably, Abstract Expressionism.
Originally a professor of law and economics, Vasily Kandinsky gave up his career to devote himself to art. He became important in the 1910s to be considered one of the major figures of modern art. Kandinsky was one of the pioneers of abstract art and painted some of the earliest works of the genre, including the first abstract watercolor. Music, being abstract by nature, was an integral part of his art and he referred to some of his spontaneous works as “improvisations” and the more elaborate ones as “compositions.” In addition to being a painter, Kandinsky was also a prominent art theorist whose books had an enormous and profound influence on future artists.
In 1945, Pablo Picasso produced a series of 12 lithographs entitled The Bull, in which he began by realistically drawing the animal, then gradually removing the “superfluous” elements of the creature to achieve a simple linear abstraction. It was through Cubism; a movement founded by Picasso with the artist Georges Braque; that Picasso would achieve what is generally considered his most abstract production, completely abandoning traditional points of view. The first phase of the Cubist movement is Analytical Cubism, which involved rearranging the composite elements of an object on the canvas, creating behind it an obscured, yet perceptible image of the subject, as in SeatedNude (1909-1910).